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This is a book by Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad (1928-2003), the fourth international leader of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
The book can be read online:
I am self appointed ambassador to all Christians in the West and have a collection of 100 knols on different aspects of Christianity. Why to those only in the West? The short answer is that those in the East are not free to think for themselves, they will follow the lead from the West:
Arabs are Semites and Arabic is a Semitic language and hence Islamophobia is antisemitism by definition! In linguistics and ethnology, Semitic (from the Biblical “Shem“, Hebrew: שם, translated as “name”, Arabic: ساميّ) was first used to refer to a language family of largely Middle Eastern origin, now called the Semitic languages. This family includes the […]
All of us have known cases of successful resuscitation, but, none of us has ever known resurrection or anyone rising from the dead. So, rising from the dead is an extra-ordinary claim and extra-ordinary claims require extra-ordinary proofs and the Christian apologist provide very little, with the exception of a few stories, from 2000 years […]
The Messiah, Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the Founder of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community In the 19th century, Islam as a religion and Muslims as a nation were helpless. Muslim empires were crumbling all over the world. In the subcontinent of India, the Mughal Empire was brought down by the British. Islam was being attacked by all other faiths in such a […]
On 26 November 2011, the Ahmadiyya Muslim Jamaat celebrated the Golden Anniversary of the Independence of Cameroon, Sierra Leone and Tanzania in an event organised by the Pan-African Ahmadiyya Muslim Association UK. Dignitaries representing a number of African countries attended the function that took place at the Baitul Futuh Mosque in Morden, Surrey. The highlight […]
Welcome to WordPress.com. After you read this, you should delete and write your own post, with a new title above. Or hit Add New on the left (of the admin dashboard) to start a fresh post. Here are some suggestions for your first post. You can find new ideas for what to blog about by […]
Umar (Arabic: عمر بن الخطاب; Transliteration: `Umar ibn al-Khattāb, c. 586-590 CE – 7 November 644), also known as Umar the Great or Farooq the Great, may Allah be pleased with him, was the most powerful of the four Rashidun Caliphs and one of the most powerful and influential Muslim rulers. He was a sahabi (companion) of the Islamic prophet Muhammad. He succeeded Caliph Abu Bakr (632–634) as the second Caliph of Rashidun Caliphate on 23 August 634. He was an expert jurist and is best known for his justice with Muslims and non-Muslim subjects alike, that earned him the title Al-Farooq (The one who distinguishes between good and bad) and his house as Darul Adal (house of justice). Also, Umar was the first Caliph to be called Amir al-Mu’minin(Commander of the Faithful).
Under Umar the Islamic empire expanded at an unprecedented rate ruling the whole Sassanid Persian Empire and more than two thirds of the Eastern Roman Empire. His legislative abilities, his firm political and administrative control over a rapidly expanding empire and his brilliantly coordinated multi-prong attacks against Sassanid Persian Empire that resulted in conquest of Persian empire in less than two years, marked his reputation as a great political and military leader. It was Umar who for the first time in 500 years since expulsion of Jews from the Holy Land, allowed them to practice their religion freely and live in Jerusalem.
The above paragraphs are from Wikipedia.
It is the opinion of the author of this knol that the world owes the concepts of religious tolerance and pluralism to the Prophet Muhammad, may peace be upon him, who theorized it in light of his revelations and Umar Farooq who put it into practice!
The following article from Wikipedia suggests that the presumption of innocence, which was introduced to Europe by Louis IX of France soon after he returned from Palestine during the Crusades, was based on the presumption of innocence from its beginning, as declared by the caliph Umar in the 7th century. Read the portion under the heading ‘Law‘.
Until recently I thought that only Christianity had a big problem with enlightenment and science and that I have examined in many of my Google-knols, but, now I am becoming increasingly aware that the medieval Muslim scholars do not fair any better. What do I mean? Firstly, let me address the issue with Christianity by giving […]
A great number of those who grew up under Christianity are living under a broken cross and taking on agnostic or atheistic point of view. Unfortunately, given the Islamophobia in the West, they never pause to think, if they have the wrong version of religion, poorly collected scripture and faulty presentation of Monotheism, leading to a shabby […]
“The life of the Holy Prophet, peace be on him, was a life of grand success. In his high moral qualities, his spiritual power, his high resolve, the excellence and perfection of his teaching, his perfect example and the acceptance of his prayers, in short, in every aspect of his life, he exhibited such bright […]
A famous, almost legendary mystic poet from Punjab Pakistan wrote: پڑھ پڑھ علم تے فاضل ھوییں تے کدے اپنے آپ نوں پڑھیا نھیں بھج بھج وڑناں اے مندر مسیتی تے کدے من اپنے وچ وڑیا نھیں He says that you have read scores of books to become a scholar but have never read yourself. You run to […]
Since my visits to Hawaii islands and Bermuda, starting in 2004, I have become a staunch believer in evolution, by which I mean common descent of all living beings on the planet earth.
The two main proofs for the theory of evolution are molecular biology and biogeography. We do not have to be a rocket scientist to appreciate biogeography, if we look through the smoke screens and bragging rights, the arguments are fairly straight forward. Bigeography basically means studying which animals and plants are native to which areas, especially islands. Sir Charles Darwin wrote in his famous book, On the Origin of Species, about biogeography and Bermuda:
“Though terrestrial mammals do not occur on oceanic islands, aërial mammals do occur on almost every island. New Zealand possesses two bats found nowhere else in the world: Norfolk Island, the Viti Archipelago, the Bonin Islands, the Caroline and Marianne Archipelagoes, and Mauritius, all possess their peculiar bats. Why, it may be asked, has the supposed creative force produced bats and no other mammals on remote islands? On my view this question can easily be answered; for no terrestrial mammal can be transported across a wide space of sea, but bats can fly across. Bats have been seen wandering by day far over the Atlantic Ocean; and two North American species either regularly or occasionally visit Bermuda, at the distance of 600 miles from the mainland. I hear from Mr. Tomes, who has specially studied this family, that many of the same species have enormous ranges, and are found on continents and on far distant islands. Hence we have only to suppose that such wandering species have been modified through natural selection in their new homes in relation to their new position, and we can understand the presence of endemic bats on islands, with the absence of all terrestrial mammals.”
These observations alone by Darwin prove the common descent. However, the theory of evolution should be understood as three different issues. Firstly, the common heritage of all animals and plants, secondly, the mechanisms for evolution and thirdly whether evolution is completely blind or guided in some sense. The truth of some facts in evolution does not imply the truth of every thing under the umbrella of evolution. One needs to have a nuance position about evolution to be perfectly enlightened. The implications that common lineage has for the Creator or lack there of, is metaphysics and not science, as the God of Islam and Judaism and God the Father of Trinitarian Christianity is Transcendent and beyond time space and matter and cannot be studied directly in a scientific paradigm!
Incidentally, evolution also exposes the vulnerabilities of Christianity. For other details about theory of evolution and Christianity, see my other knols and articles on molecular biology and Original Sin. Please see the comment section for links.
And they ask thee concerning the soul. Say, ‘The soul is by the command of my Lord; and of the knowledge thereof you have been given but little.’ (Al Quran 17:86)
I was in Spain in April of 2011. The trip reminded me of all the history I had studied of transmission of knowledge from the East to the West from 10th to the 15th centuries.
This knol will intertwine my visit with my family to Spain, with the transmission of knowledge over the five centuries, the book by Samuel Parsons Scott titled, History of the Moorish Empire in Europe and related materials.
We flew into Madrid drove to Sevilla and stayed there and made day trips to Granada, Gibraltar, Cordoba, Pedrabad, Toledo and finally Madrid again before we flew back.
This knol is not about nostalgia or about Islam or Muslims alone, this is about humanity at large. Muslim Granada stood for almost two centuries after the fall of Toledo, against all odds, allowing a continued interaction between the Muslims and the Christians, over centuries, a necessity for transmission of knowledge and renaissance of Europe, which in its turns provided rich fruits for humanity.
What delayed the expulsion of Muslims from Europe for almost two centuries was the Black Death, which was one of the most devastating pandemics in human history, peaking in Europe between 1348 and 1350. This plague epidemic is estimated to have killed 30–60 percent of Europe’s population. Thought to have started in China, it travelled along the Silk Road and had reached the Crimea by 1346. From there, probably carried by Oriental rat fleas living on the black rats that were regular passengers on merchant ships, it spread throughout the Mediterranean and Europe. The plague may have been a blessing in disguise that was a major catalyst in the renaissance of Europe. But, for this plague the myopic Christian armies of the time, guided by the Catholic Church, would have succeeded in pushing the Muslims into the Mediterranean, without learning what they needed to, two centuries too soon for their own good!
Agnostics, atheists and pantheists, all equally claim that Einstein belongs to them. But, as he belonged to Jewish background, Abrahamic traditions or Monotheism, should certainly have a claim on him. Here is an attempt to understand the religion of Einstein in an Islamic paradigm. It is a religious and scientific biography of a man named ‘the man of the century’ by the Time magazine. This article was originally published in October, 2007 volume of Ahmadiyya Gazette USA:
If my knols are boring to you, it may be that you need to read more of them, as was suggested by John Cage, “If something is boring after two minutes, try it for four. If still boring, then eight. Then sixteen. Then thirty-two. Eventually one discovers that it is not boring at all.”
Over 600 Hours of MTA Programs in Different Languages Documentaries, Speeches of Hadhrat Khalifatul Masih, Tarjmatul Quran Classes, Adaab-e-Zindagi, Beacon of Truth, Children’s Corner, Faith Matters, Fiqahi Masail, Hadhrat Masih Nasri Ka Asal Pegham, Liqa-Ma’al-Arab, Masih Hindustan Main, Quranic Archaeology, Rahe Huda, Real Talk, Rencontre Avec Les Francophones, Seerat-un-Nabi, Shotter Shondhane, Yassarnal Quran, Zinda Log […]
The Christian Easter story mounts to little more than hearsay as I will show in this knol. But, please do not get very upset. Veneration and awe of the Transcendent is inherent in human nature, but we need to find the most appropriate channels for that rather than insisting on myth and legend of resurrection.
So, buckle up for the bumpy ride!
In a recent book, ‘Jesus of Nazareth: Holy Week: From the entrance into Jerusalem to the Resurrection;’ Pope Benedict XVI has tried to present the case for resurrection. The case is based on the testimony of St. Paul and the apostles as recorded in the New Testament. Saint Paul according to his own testimony came on the scene 20 years after Jesus was put on cross and the authors of Mark, Matthew, Luke and John were not eye witnesses, according to the best university based scholarship of the New Testament.
According to Encyclopedia Britannica:
“Hearsay, in Anglo-American law, testimony that consists of what the witness has heard others say. United States and English courts may refuse to admit testimony that depends for its value upon the truthfulness and accuracy of one who is neither under oath nor available for cross-examination. The rule is subject, however, to many exceptions.”
So, the accounts we have for resurrection are only hearsay, by definition. The details follow:
Jews were not expecting a suffering Messiah or one who will die on a cross, as Deuteronomy said, “And if a man have committed a sin worthy of death, and he be to be put to death, and thou hang him on a tree:, His body shall not remain all night upon the tree, but thou shalt in any wise bury him that day; (for he that is hanged is accursed of God;) that thy land be not defiled, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance.” (Deuteronomy 21:22-23) The Pope Benedict XVI has acknowledged this in his recent book about Jesus of Nazareth.
If Islam, Christianity, Hinduism, Buddhism, Sikhism and atheism can co-exist then logically any variation of Islam or Christianity should be able to exist as well. Denying a form of Islam or Christianity, at its root denies any religious freedom, and gradually but surely would lead to total annihilation of any religious freedoms!
Genuine religious freedom cannot exist in the presence of any of the tools of co-ercion mentioned in the title.
Several verses of the Holy Quran can be cited for complete religious freedom in Islam and lack of any blasphemy punishement in this worldly life, for example, “And if thy Lord had enforced His will, surely, all who are on the earth would have believed together. Wilt thou, then, force men to become believers?” (Al Quran 10:100)
“Those who believe, then disbelieve, then again believe, then disbelieve, and then increase in disbelief, Allah will never forgive them nor will He guide them to the way.” (Al Quran 4:138)
This volume is to correct centuries of historical distortions and has several articles and sources on the theme of ‘Muhammad: the Messiah of the Dark Ages of Europe.’ It traces the European debt to the Islamic Empire and along with the January 2010 volume takes an encyclopedic approach. It is a panacea to treat the Muslims of their inferiority complex of the last five centuries and relieve them of undue awe of Europeans or ‘Roub e Dajjal.’ This is one of the essential steps to prepare the Muslims to lead the way in the twenty first century.
For other volumes of Alislam-eGazette go to:
This is a book by Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad, the fourth international leader of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. The word ‘Islam’ means peace. This book highlights what Islam can offer the contemporary world in terms of:
1. Inter-religious peace.
2. Politcial peace.
3. Social peace.
4. Economic peace.
5. Personal peace.
“Swords can win territories, but not hearts; force can bend heads, but not minds.” — Mirza Tahir Ahmad
It is said that Pope Pius XII emphasized the Baptism of desire and by so doing introduced some flexibility, in doctrines, for the non-Christians in Catholicism. But the question is whether it had been the orthodox position or a more recent introduction to keep up with the changing times.
The doctrine of Trinity took 450 years after Jesus’ crucifixion to come to a mature form and it seems that the sacrament of ‘Baptism,’ took several more centuries, at least until the Council of Trent in the sixteenth century.
“O mankind, We have created you from a male and a female; and We have made you into tribes and sub-tribes that you may know one another.” (Al Quran 49:14) To read several different articles on the topic of Universal Brotherhood in Islam go to: http://www.alislam.org/egazette/egazette/november-2009-egazette-hajj-and-universal-brotherhood/ & http://www.alislam.org/egazette/eGazette-Dec2007.pdf