Category archives for Muslim Heritage

Al Biruni: One of the Greatest Pioneers of Science

Abū Rayḥān Muḥammad ibn Aḥmad Bīrūnī (Persian: ابوریحان محمد بن احمد بیرونی), often known as Alberuni, Al Beruni or variants, (born 5 September 973 in Kath, Khwarezm (now in Uzbekistan), died 13 December 1048 in Ghazni, today’s Afghanistan) was a Persian scholar and polymath of the 11th century.[1][2] The early Muslims duplicated the technique of […]

How Europe came to forget about its Arabic heritage.

BY ABDUL HAQ COMPIER Source / Courtesy: January 2011, Alislam-eGazette Summary: Traditional education about Western civilisation tells the story of how around 1500, Greek texts recovered the lost memory of Europe’s Greek and Roman past and unleashed an era of progress in science and civilisation called the Renaissance. In fact, the progress in civilisation had begun in […]

Khalifatul Masih V, International leader of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community recommending an Italian Author

Khalifatul Masih V, International leader of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (Hudhur) quoted from a book by Prof. Laura Veccia Vaglieri, in a recent Friday sermon and highly applauded it.  The book is titled, An interpretation of Islam.  He said in this sermon among other things: An Italian professor, Laura Veccia Vaglieri writes that slavery has been around ever since human civilisation […]

Islamic contributions to Medieval Europe

Most of the information here is reproduced from Wikipedia, just to ensure longevity of this information.  I was happy to note today that my effort was worthwhile, as the original article has been trimmed, since I copied it almost a year ago.  More specifically, the section of Law has been taken out from the new […]

The Father of Algebra: Muhammad ibn Mūsā al-Khwārizmī

There are about 750 verses in Quran urging Muslims to make use of reason to understand nature and thus reach their understanding of the Creator, in contrast to just 250 verses about legislation. The Holy Quran states:  “In the creation of the heavens and the earth and in the alternation of the night and the […]

Dr. Abdus Salam: Nobel Laureate in Physics

In his achievements, Dr. Salam saw a certain special Providence of God. Let me quote from the transcript of one of his interviews. The questi0ns asked by Lewis Wolpert or Alison Richards are in inverted comas: “But I am not quite sure how you got to Cambridge.” I got to Cambridge by means of a […]

Muhammad: the Light for the Dark Ages of Europe!

Cave of Hira where the prophet had his first revelation! An honest study of the causes of the Dark Ages and European renaissance will lead to the inevitable conclusion that Muhammad, may peace be on him, was the Light and the Messiah of the Dark Ages. John Davenport writes in, an apology for Mohammed and […]

Muhammad: the Light for the Dark Ages of Europe!

An honest study of the causes of the Dark Ages and European renaissance will lead to the inevitable conclusion that Muhammad, may peace be on him, was the Light and the Messiah of the Dark Ages. John Davenport writes in an apology for Mohammed and the Koran: “It is in the compositions of Friar Bacon, who was born in 1214, and who learned the Oriental languages, that we discover the most extensive acquaintance with the Arabian anthors. He quotes Albumazar, Thabet-Ebu-Corah, Ali Alhacer, Alkandi, Alfraganus and Arzakeb; and seems to have been as familiar with them as with the Greek and Latin classics, especially with Avicenna, whom he calls ‘the chief and prince of philosophy.’ The great Lord Bacon, it is well known, imbibed and borrowed the first principles of his famous experimental philosophy from his predecessor and namesake Roger Bacon, a fact which indisputably establishes the derivation of the Baconian philosophical system from the descendants of Ishmael and disciples of Mohammed.” In a short paragraph, John Davenport has very precisely identified all the links in the human intellectual evolution. Additionally, his book, which is available in Google books, is a master piece in the defence of the Prophet Muhammad, may peace be on him. Read his two page Preface and he is standing shoulder to shoulder with other great defenders of the Prophet Muhammad in the Western world, like Thomas Carlyle. Unfortunately, some Western scientists and historians propose the European science to be some sort of magical wand and what preceded it as not good enough or label it as pre-science or mystical science etc!

Zheng He: A Chinese Muslim Admiral!

Source / Courtesy: Wikipedia Zheng He (1371–1433, 鄭和 / 郑和; pinyin: Zhèng Hé), also known as Ma Sanbao (馬三寶 / 马三宝) and Hajji Mahmud Shamsuddin (Persian: حاجی محمود شمس) was a Hui-Chinese mariner, explorer, diplomat and fleet admiral, who commanded voyages to Southeast Asia, South Asia, the Middle East, and East Africa, collectively referred to as the Voyages […]

January 2011 Alislam eGazette – Muhammad: the Light for the Dark Ages of Europe

This volume is to correct centuries of historical distortions and has several articles and sources on the theme of ‘Muhammad: the Messiah of the Dark Ages of Europe.’ It traces the European debt to the Islamic Empire and along with the January 2010 volume takes an encyclopedic approach. It is a panacea to treat the Muslims of their inferiority complex of the last five centuries and relieve them of undue awe of Europeans or ‘Roub e Dajjal.’ This is one of the essential steps to prepare the Muslims to lead the way in the twenty first century.

For other volumes of Alislam-eGazette go to:

http://www.alislam.org/egazette/

Alhazen: the Father of Optics and the First Scientist

Anyone who has ever used vision glasses or contact lenses, taken a picture with a camera or watched television has a reason to be thankful to the Father of Optics, Alhazen.

Latinized as Alhazen, in full, Abū Alī al-Ḥasan ibn al-Haytham, born c. 965, Basra, Iraq, died c. 1040, Cairo, Egypt, according to Encyclopedia Britannica, “mathematician and astronomer who made significant contributions to the principles of optics and the use of scientific experiments.”

David L. Shenkenberg writes in an article titled, ‘Before Newton, there was Alhazen,’ for Photonix.com:

“A millennium ago, an Arab scientist authored more than 100 works on optics, astronomy, mathematics and religious philosophy. Although he was arguably one of the greatest scientists of all time, his name is little known to people living in Western countries today. ”

If we read all the works of Alhazen, Roger Bacon from 14th century and Sir Isaac Newton side by side, we may realize that a lot of work attributed to Sir Isaac Newton truly belongs to Alhazen. The paradigm of two civilizations, arising from the politics of crusades, deprived Alhazen of these honors. The time is now ripe to begin the study of the works of these three gifted giants, who were standing on the shoulders of prior giants, side by side, to have a better understanding of the history of science.

Alhazen also described the refraction and the dispersion of light into its component colors, ideas credited to Isaac Newton. “Certainly in the field of optics, Newton himself stood on the shoulders of a giant who lived 700 years earlier,” said Jim Al-Khalili, a physics professor at the University of Surrey in the UK. Khalili recently narrated “The Empire of Reason,” about history of science that is part of a three-part series on medieval Islamic scientists.

Nobel Laureate in physics, Dr. Abdus Salam wrote:

“Ibn-al-Haitham (Alhazen, 965–1039 CE) was one of the greatest physicists of all time. He made experimental contributions of the highest order in optics. He enunciated that a ray of light, in passing through a medium, takes the path which is the easier and ‘quicker’. In this he was anticipating Fermat’s Principle of Least Time by many centuries. He enunciated the law of inertia, later to become Newton’s first law of motion. Part V of Roger Bacon’s ‘Opus Majus’ is practically an annotation to Ibn al Haitham’s Optics.”

The punch line here is, “Part V of Roger Bacon’s ‘Opus Majus’ is practically an annotation to Ibn al Haitham’s Optics.” This is the theme of this knol to demonstrate a smooth transition of science from the Muslim era to European renaissance.

Only a part of the article from Wikipedia is reproduced here, for references and other details go to Wikipedia link:

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Alhazen

To learn some background information to fully appreciate this knol, go to another of my knols:

http://knol.google.com/k/zia-shah/al-islam-egazette-jan-2010-europe-s/1qhnnhcumbuyp/59

Al Islam eGazette Jan 2010 – Europe’s debt to the Muslim Empire?

The information provided can bring the two civilizations, the East and the West, together as the division is artificial and both have drank from the same fountain!

Al-Islam eGazette is an electronic, monthly publication of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community.
It now goes to 37,000 subscribers each month. If you would like to read a broad array of articles about religion, receive news and updates about alislam and other important announcements, please subscribe below:

http://www.alislam.org/egazette

John Davenport writes in An apology for Mohammed and the Koran:

“It is in the compositions of Friar Bacon, who was born in 1214, and who learned the Oriental languages, that we discover the most extensive acquaintance with the Arabian anthors. He quotes Albumazar, Thabet-Ebu-Corah, Ali Alhacer, Alkandi, Alfraganus and Arzakeb; and seems to have been as familiar with them as with the Greek and Latin classics, especially with Avicenna, whom he calls ‘the chief and prince of philosophy.’ The great Lord Bacon, it is well known, imbibed and borrowed the first principles of his famous experimental philosophy from his predecessor and namesake Roger Bacon, a fact which indisputably establishes the derivation of the Baconian philosophical system from the descendants of Ishmael and disciples of Mohammed.”

In a short paragraph, John Davenport has very precisely identified all the links in the human intellectual evolution. Additionally, his book, that is available in Google books, is a master piece in the defence of the Prophet Muhammad, may peace be on him. Read his two page Preface and he is standing shoulder to shoulder with other great defenders of the Prophet Muhammad in the Western world, like Thomas Carlyle.