Studying the early history of Christianity is the best way to confirm the Quranic description of Jesus, may peace be on him, his revelations and Christianity.
Nestorius believed Jesus to be adopted son of God:
The doctrine of Nestorianism is associated with Nestorius, Patriarch of Constantinople 428 – 431. Prior to becoming Patriarch Nestorius had been a student of Theodore of Mopsuestia at the School of Antioch. Nestorius argued that Christ’s human and divine natures were distinct, and was therefore against using the title Theotokos (Mother of God) for the Virgin Mary, instead preferring to call her Christotokos (Mother of Christ). Cyril of Alexandria considered Nestorius’ doctrine to be contrary to Orthodox teaching, and encouraged measures to condemn it. Finally Nestorius and his doctrine were condemned at the First Council of Ephesus in 431, and the finding was reiterated at the Council of Chalcedon in 451.
According to the Holy Quran:
The Originator of the heavens and the earth! How can He (Allah) have a son when He has no consort, and when He has created everything and has knowledge of all things? Such is Allah, your Lord. There is no God but He, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He is Guardian over everything.
(Al Quran 6:102-103)
According to Encyclopedia Britannica:
“Nestorius is regarded as one of the principal heretics in Christology, and the heresy traditionally linked with his name, Nestorianism, was formally condemned at the church councils of Ephesus (431) and Chalcedon (451). Nestorianism, as it was understood at the time, so insisted upon the full humanity of Christ’s human nature that it was believed to divide him into two persons, one human and the other divine. Whereas orthodox Christology holds that Christ has two natures, divine and human, ineffably united in one person, or hypostasis, Nestorianism so stresses their independence as to suggest that they are in effect two persons, or hypostases, loosely joined by a moral union. Nestorianism envisages the divine Word as having associated with itself at the incarnation a complete, independently existing man. From the orthodox point of view, Nestorianism therefore denies the reality of the incarnation and represents Christ as a God-inspired man rather than as God-made-man.”  Any form of human-divinehybrid is counter to our common sense and science as we know it in the twenty first century and I have discussed this inseveral of my Google knols.
Humans have great difficulty in conceptualizing the proposed hybrid of Jesus Christ. Here is the verdict of the Iconoclastic Council:
“Whoever makes an image of Christ either pictures the divinity, which cannot be pictured, and mixes it up with the humanity like the Monophysites, or they represent the body of Christ as if it were not made divine, as if it were a separate person, like the Nestorians …”
To contradict this read the verdict of the second Council of Nicaea also called the seventh Ecumenical Council, accepted by the Roman Catholic as well as the Eastern Orthodox Church:
“Although the Catholic Church pictures Christ in his humanity, it does not separate his flesh from the Divinity that is joined with it. On the contrary it believes that the flesh is deified and professes it to be one with the Divinity.”
This is merely a play on the words, for the mortal human mind does not know what deified flesh is? Flesh is human, has 46 chromosomes, enzymes, proteins, fats and carbohydrates, deified flesh is an oxymoron!
Therefore, Nestorius believed Jesus to be adopted son of God:
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|Archbishop of Constantinople|
|Born||c. 386, Germanicia , Syria (now Kahramanmaraş , Turkey )|
|Died||c. 451, Great Oasis of Hibis ( al-Khargah ), Egypt|
|Venerated in||Assyrian Church of the East|
|Controversy||Christology , Theotokos|
Nestorius(in Greek:Νεστόριος;c.386–c.451) was Archbishop of Constantinople from 10 April 428 to 22 June 431. Drawing on his studies at the School of Antioch he devised a doctrine that later bore his name, Nestorianism, which emphasized the disunity of the human and divine natures of Christ. His teachings, which included a rejection of the long-used title ofTheotokos(“Mother of God”) for the Virgin Mary , brought him into conflict with other prominent churchmen of the time, most notably Cyril of Alexandria , who accused him of heresy. Nestorius sought to defend himself at the First Council of Ephesus in 431, but instead he found himself formally condemned for heresy and removed from his see. Thereafter he retired to a monastery, where he asserted his orthodoxy for the rest of his life. Despite his acquiescence, many of his supporters split with the rest of the church in the Nestorian Schism , and over the next decades a number of them relocated to Persia . Thereafter Nestorianism became the official position of the Church of the East .
Nestorian priests in a procession on Palm Sunday , in a 7th–8th century wall painting from a Nestorian church in China
1 Early life2 Nestorian controversy3 Legacy4 The Bazaar of Heracleides5 Notes6 References7 External links
Nestorius was born in 386 in Germanicia in the Roman province of Syria (now Kahramanmaraş in Turkey).  He received his clerical training as a pupil of Theodore of Mopsuestia in Antioch and gained a reputation for his sermons that led to his enthronement by Theodosius II as Archbishop following the death of Sisinnius I in 428.
Shortly after his arrival in Constantinople, Nestorius became involved in the disputes of two theological factions, which differed in their Christology. Nestorius tried to find a middle ground between those that, emphasized the fact that in Christ God had been born as a man, insisted on calling the Virgin Mary
Theotokos( Greek: Θεοτόκος, “birth-giver of God”), and those that rejected that title because God as an eternal being could not have been born. Nestorius suggested the titleChristotokos(Χριστοτόκος, “birth-giver to Christ”), but did not find acceptance on either side.
Nestorius believed that no union between the human and divine were possible. If such a union of human and divine occurred, Nestorius believed that Christ could not truly be con-substantial with God and con-substantial with us because he would grow, mature, suffer and die (which he said God cannot do) and also would possess the power of God that would separate him from being equal to humans.
Eusebius, the bishop of the neigbouring Dorylaeum was the first to accuse Nestorius of heresy but his most forceful opponent however was Patriarch Cyril of Alexandria . Nestorius opponent’s charged him with detaching Christ’s divinity and humanity into two persons existing in one body, thereby denying the reality of the Incarnation . This heresy came to be known as Nestorianism .
The Emperor Theodosius II(401-450) was eventually induced to convoke a general church council, sited at Ephesus, itself a special seat for the veneration of Mary, where the
theotokosformula was popular. The Emperor gave his support to the Archbishop of Constantinople, while Pope Celestine I was in agreement with Cyril.
The council deposed Nestorius and declared him a heretic . In Nestorius’ own words,
When the followers of Cyril saw the vehemence of the emperor… they roused up a disturbance and discord among the people with an outcry, as though the emperor were opposed to God; they rose up against the nobles and the chiefs who acquiesced not in what had been done by them and they were running hither and thither. And… they took with them those who had been separated and removed from the monasteries by reason of their lives and their strange manners and had for this reason been expelled, and all who were of heretical sects and were possessed with fanaticism and with hatred against me. And one passion was in them all, Jews and pagans and all the sects, and they were busying themselves that they should accept without examination the things which were done without examination against me; and at the same time all of them, even those that had participated with me at table and in prayer and in thought, were agreed… against me and vowing vows one with another against me… In nothing were they divided.
But while the council was in progress, John I of Antioch and the eastern bishops arrived, and were furious to hear that Nestorius had already been condemned. They convened their own synod, at which Cyril was deposed. Both sides then appealed to the emperor. Initially the imperial government ordered both Nestorius and Cyril deposed and exiled. However, Cyril was eventually allowed to return after bribing various courtiers. [ citation needed ] 
In the following months, 17 bishops who supported Nestorius’ doctrine were removed from their sees. Eventually, John I of Antioch was obliged to abandon Nestorius in March 433. On August 3, 435, Theodosius II issued an imperial edict that exiled Nestorius to a monastery in the Great Oasis of Hibis ( al-Khargah ), in Egypt, securely within the diocese of Cyril . During an attack by desert bandits, Nestorius was injured in one such raid.
Nestorius’ writings survive mainly in Syriac .
Though Nestorius had been condemned by the church, including by Syrians, there remained a faction loyal to him and his teachings. Following the Nestorian Schism and the relocation of many Nestorian Christians to Persia, Nestorian thought became ingrained in the native Christian community, known as the Church of the East , to the extent that it was often known as the “Nestorian Church”. In modern times the Assyrian Church of the East , a modern descendant of the historical Church of the East, reveres Nestorius as a saint .
In the Roman Empire, the doctrine of Monophysitism developed in reaction to Nestorianism. This new doctrine asserted that Christ had but one nature, his human nature being absorbed into his divinity. This doctrine was condemned at the Council of Chalcedon , but non-Chalcedonian churches remained. Today it survives in the modern Oriental Orthodox churches.
TheBazaar of Heracleides
In 1895, a 16th-century book manuscript containing a copy of a text written by Nestorius was discovered by American missionaries in the library of the Nestorian patriarch in the mountains at Konak, Hakkari . This book had suffered damage during Muslimraids, but was substantially intact, and copies were taken secretly. The Syriac translation had the title of the
Bazaar of Heracleides.  The original 16th-century manuscript was destroyed in 1915 during the Turkish massacres of Assyrian Christians.
Bazaar, written towards the end of his life, Nestorius denies the heresy for which he was condemned and instead affirms of Christ “the same one is twofold” – an expression that some consider similar to the formulation of the Council of Chalcedon . Nestorius’ earlier surviving writings, however, including his letter written in response to Cyril ‘s charges against him, contain material that seems to support charges that he held that Christ had two persons.
Edward Walford , translator, The Ecclesiastical History of Evagrius: A History of the Church from AD 431 to AD 594 , 1846. Reprinted 2008. Evolution Publishing, ISBN 978-1-889758-88-6 . http://www.evolpub.com/CRE/CREseries.html#CRE5 — includes an account of the exile and death of Nestorius, along with correspondence purportedly written by Nestorius to Theodosius II .
From Orthodoxwiki.orgDialogue between the Syrian and Assyrian Churches from the Coptic ChurchThe Coptic Church’s View Concerning NestoriusFrom the Catholic Encyclopedia English translation of the Bazaar of Heracleides .
Writing of Nestorius“The lynching of Nestorius” by Stephen M. Ulrich, concentrates on the political pressures around the Council of Ephesus and analyzes the rediscovered Bazaar of Nestorius.
The Person and Teachings of Nestorius of Constantinople by Mar Bawai Soro.