Blessed is He (Allah) Who has sent down the Discrimination to His servant, that he may be a Warner to all the worlds — He to Whom belongs the kingdom of the heavens and the earth. And He has taken unto Himself no son, and has no partner in the kingdom, and has created everything, and has ordained for it its proper measure. Yet they have taken besides Him gods, who create nothing but are themselves created, and who have no power to harm or benefit themselves and they control not death nor life nor resurrection. (Al Quran 25:2-4)
The Christian apologists present evidence for a Creator and assume the necessity of the Christian God. But, the Triune Christian God does not exist. Christianity is sandwiched between Judaism and Islam and both are Unitarian. The tradition of Deism developed by the Founding Fathers of USA would also point to one God who is not Triune. The scientific tradition if properly understood would also suggest one Creator with one will as understood by Deism:
Before we proceed further, let us refresh our memory about the official Nicene Creed, the basic creed of all the Trinitarian Christians. As it is counter-intuitive, it would be fair to assume that not only non-Christians but most Christians will not remember the creed either. So, here it is:
I believe in one God, the Father Almighty, Maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and invisible.
And in one Lord Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God, begotten of the Father before all worlds; God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God; begotten, not made, being of one substance with the Father, by whom all things were made.
Who, for us men and for our salvation, came down from heaven, and was incarnate by the Holy Spirit of the virgin Mary, and was made man; and was crucified also for us under Pontius Pilate; He suffered and was buried; and the third day He rose again, according to the Scriptures; and ascended into heaven, and sits on the right hand of the Father; and He shall come again, with glory, to judge the quick and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no end.
And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord and Giver of Life; who proceeds from the Father and the Son; who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified; who spoke by the prophets.
The Creed defines God the Father as the Maker of heaven and earth, but quickly muddles the water by suggesting that Jesus is of the same substance as God the Father. So, may be there are two creators, but not so fast! We are soon told that the Holy Ghost is the Lord and Giver of Life. So, after reading the Creed we are not any wiser and the question remains, is there one Creator, or two or three working in tandem? Let us start the task at hand, how many created our universe, our earth and life on our planet?
The contradictions inherent in Trinity have been rationalized over the centuries by the clergy and the Christian laity and they may be blind to the innate irrationality in the dogma. However, with the increasing awareness of all in the 21st century about science and the study of the nature, debates about Evolution and Creationism, documentary channels like Science, Discovery and A&E, it is timely to point to our Christian brethren and sisters that the study of nature can lead them to One God of Judaism, Unitarian Christianity and Islam and give them a chance to shed away the religious, emotional and psychological conflict of three persons and one being!
A powerful proof for there being only One Creator and not three is the fact that all life forms on our planet earth share a common genetic code, reflecting One Author and not multiple. Prof. Richard Dawkins explains that there is only one genetic code, as he writes commentary on the last paragraph of Sir Charles Darwin’s legendary book, On the Origin of Species:
The genetic code is universal, all but identical across animals, plants, fungi, bacteria, archaea and viruses. The 64- word dictionary, by which three letter DNA words are translated into twenty amino acids and one punctuation mark, which means ‘start reading here’ or ‘stop reading here’, is the same 64-word dictionary wherever you look in the living kingdoms (with one or two exceptions too minor to undermine the generalization). If, say, some weird, anomalous microbes called the harumscaryotes were discovered, which didn’t use DNA at all, or didn’t use proteins, or used proteins but strung them together from a different set of amino acids from the familiar twenty, or which used DNA but not a triplet code, or a triplet code but not the same 64-word dictionary – if any of these conditions were met, we might suggest that life had originated twice: once for the harumscaryotes and once for the rest of life. …
Is it possible that two independent origins of life could both have hit upon the same 64-word code? Very unlikely. For that to be plausible, the existing code would have to have strong advantages over alternative codes, and there would have to be a gradual ramp of improvement towards it, a ramp for natural selection to climb up. Both these conditions are improbable. Francis Crick early suggested that the genetic code is a ‘frozen accident’, which, once in place, was difficult or impossible to change. The reasoning is interesting. Any mutation in the genetic code itself (as opposed to mutations in the genes that it encodes) would have an instantly catastrophic effect, not just in one place but throughout the whole organism. If any word in the 64-word dictionary changed its meaning, so that it came to specify a different amino acid, just about every protein in the body would instantaneously change, probably in many places along its length. Unlike an ordinary mutation, which might, say, slightly lengthen a leg, shorten a wing or darken an eye, a change in the genetic code would change everything at once, all over the body, and this would spell disaster. Various theorists have come up with ingenious suggestions for special ways in which the genetic code might evolve: ways in which, to quote one of their papers, the frozen accident might be ‘thawed’. Interesting as these are, I think it is all but certain that every living creature whose genetic code has been looked at is descended from one common ancestor. No matter how elaborate and different the high-level programs that underlie the various life forms, all are, at bottom, written in the same machine language.
Of course we cannot rule out the possibility that other machine languages may have arisen in yet other creatures that are now extinct — the equivalent of my harumscaryotes. And the physicist Puul Davies has made the reasonable point that we haven’t actually looked very hard to see if there are any harumscaryotes (he doesn’t use the word, of course) that are not extinct but still lurking in some extreme redoubt of our planet. He admits that it is not very likely, but argues — somewhat along the lines of the man who searches for his key. under a street lamp rather than where he lost them – that it is a lot easier and cheaper to look thoroughly on our planet than to travel to other planets and look there. Meanwhile, I don’t mind recording my private expectation that Professor Davies won’t find anything, and that all surviving life forms on this planet use the same machine code and are all descended from a single ancestor.
There is only one machine language or genetic code talking of a Unity of only One Creator and not three persons and one being of Trinity! For Jesus to be equal or of same substance as God the Father, he needed to create something, some life forms, but none have been found and a consensus is building that there is an undeniable unity among all the life forms on our planet. Jesus did not create anything at least not on our planet!
The doctrine of the Trinity states that Christ is co-equal and co-eternal with the Father. However, if we go by Genesis alone then God the Father created everything and Jesus and the Holy Ghost did not create anything, so by definition they cannot be co-equal to God the Father.
Even within the tradition of Christianity there is strong and at times over whelming evidence of Unitarianism of Judaism and Islam. In the first four centuries Unitarian Christians were in greater numbers compared to Trinitarian Christians. The history of so called heresy of Arianism is strong pointer towards the Unitarian roots of early Christianity. But, as history is written by the victors, followers of Arianism came to be known as heretics.
Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, the Founder of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community wrote, “The God of Islam is the same God Who is visible in the reflection of the laws of nature and is discernible in the book of nature. Islam has not presented a new God but has presented the same God Who is presented by the light of man’s heart, by the conscience of man, and by heaven and earth.”
In other words an honest and rational study of nature with an open mind should lead a Trinitarian Christian to Unitarianism.
The issue of who is the Creator is conveniently left somewhat elusive in the Christian literature, by using different words with different meanings interchangeably, to confuse the masses, as they bank on the Jewish or the Muslim understanding of God in their daily lives and academic pursuits. However, the underlying conflict, of three persons in one being, reveals itself now and then. According to Encyclopedia Britannica:
“The Holy Spirit is one of the most elusive and difficult themes in Christian theology, because it refers to one of the three persons in the Godhead but does not evoke concrete images the way ‘Father’ or ‘Creator’ and ‘Son’ or ‘Redeemer’ do. A characteristic view of the Holy Spirit is sketched in The Gospel According to John: the outpouring of the Holy Spirit takes place only after the Ascension of Christ; it is the beginning of a new time of salvation, in which the Holy Spirit is sent as the Paraclete (Counsellor) to the church remaining behind in this world. The phenomena described in John, which are celebrated in the church at Pentecost, are understood as the fulfillment of this promise. With this event (Pentecost), the church entered into the period of the Holy Spirit.”
God the Father is ‘the Creator,’ in the Christian tradition, Jesus is ‘the Redeemer’ and the Holy Ghost, serves its multiple roles. As one examines this issue, one should remember, within mainstream Christianity the Holy Spirit is one of the three persons of the Trinity, as such he is personal and also fully God, co-equal and co-eternal with God the Father and Son of God, and the Son is of the same substance as God the Father.
Nicene Creed is followed by all the Trinitarian Churches, giving rise to very interesting inferences on so many different levels. Here, what is relevant to us is that Jesus Christ is, allegedly, the physical manifestation of Logos (or the divine word) and consequently possesses all of the inherent, ineffable perfections which religion and philosophy attribute to the Supreme Being. This is a tall claim but where is the proof, let me repeat the Quranic challenge, did Jesus create anything in the Universe?
Wikipedia states under the heading Homoousian, and this information is common place in Christian literature if one makes a little effort:
“Origen seems to have been the first ecclesiastical writer to use the word ‘homoousios’ in a Trinitarian context, but it is evident in his writings that he considered the Son’s divinity lesser than the Father’s, since he even calls the Son a creature. It was by Athanasius and the Nicene Synod that the Son was taken to have exactly the same nature or essence with the Father, and at the Nicene Creed the Son was declared to be as immutable as his Father is. Some theologians preferred the use of the term ὁμοιούσιος (homoioúsios, from ὅμοιος, hómoios, ‘similar’ rather than ὁμός, homós, ‘same’) in order to emphasize distinctions among the three persons in the Godhead, but the term homoousios became a consistent mark of Nicene orthodoxy in both East and West. According to this doctrine, Jesus Christ is the physical manifestation of Logos (or the divine word) and consequently possesses all of the inherent, ineffable perfections which religion and philosophy attribute to the Supreme Being. Three distinct and infinite minds or substances, three co-equal and eternal realities, participate in (or share) the same, single Divine Essence (ousia).”
If Jesus and the Holy Ghost are of the same essence as God the Father, did they create anything? In evading this question, the Christian theologians, philosophers and scientists are yielding to the Jewish and the Islamic understanding of the Transcendent God, and borrowing their concepts without any acknowledgement. Imitation is the best form of flattery! If God the Father is the only Creator then how is Jesus co-equal and possessing of all of the inherent, ineffable perfections and of the same substance? One cannot have one’s cake and eat it too!
Italy. Trinity, c. 15th century C.E.
Say O Prophet, ‘Who is the Lord of the heavens and the earth?’ Say, ‘Allah.’ Say, ‘Have you then taken besides Him helpers who have no power for good or harm even for themselves?’ Say, ‘Can the blind and the seeing be equal? Or, can darkness be equal to light? Or, do they assign to Allah partners who have created the like of His creation so that the two creations appear similar to them?’ Say, ‘Allah alone is the Creator of all things, and He is the One, the Most Supreme.’ (Al Quran 13:17)
Lest, the nay sayers may think that they can easily resolve the issues that I present here, let me add some other details here. At one time the Holy Spirit was also the official ‘giver of life.’
Filioque, Latin for ‘and (from) the Son,’ was added in Western Christianity to the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, commonly referred to as the Nicene Creed. This insertion emphasizes that Jesus, the Son, is of equal divinity with God, the Father, while the absence of it in Eastern Christianity concentrates on the Father.
Et in Spiritum Sanctum, Dominum, et vivificantem: qui ex Patre Filioque procedit.
(And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, and giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son.)
The word ‘Filioque’ was first added at the Third Council of Toledo (589) and spread throughout Western Christianity. It has been an ongoing source of conflict between the East and West, contributing to the East-West Schism of 1054 and proving an obstacle to attempts to reunify the two sides.
Even the Holy Spirit is ‘giver of life,’ it proceeds from both God the Father and Jesus Christ, in the Western tradition, yet we do not find any evidence of Jesus having created anything in the Nature. The fact of the matter is that Jesus or the Holy Spirit did not create anything in the universe! I rest my case, against the irrationality of Trinity.
The dogma of Trinity can be understood properly only in its evolution over centuries, for references and the Council of Nicaea and three others, go to:
The paradox par excellence of Trinity, affectionately called a mystery, just does not stop giving rise to contradictions. Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad writes in his book Christianity a journey from fact to fiction:
“We do not observe any role played by the Holy Ghost in the divine plan of creation and also for that matter Jesus Christ.
In the beginning God created the heavens and the earth. (Genesis 1:1)
Obviously it is God the Father who is referred to in the Old Testament without any hint of a reference to Christ or the Holy Ghost. In the entire pre-Christian era, among all the Jews who believed in the Old Testament and must have heard this verse hundreds of thousands of times, there was not one who could read the name of Christ in the creation of the Universe or that of the Holy Ghost. In his Gospel, St. John suggests ‘Word’ to stand for Jesus. It is strange that such an important subject has been taken up by author of only one Gospel; by someone who was not even a disciple of Jesus.1 Even if one accepts his word to be the word of God, still it can only be understood to mean the Will of God; a concept that is common to many religions with reference to Creation.
Surprisingly, the age long secret of Christ’s and the Holy Ghost’s participation in the Creation, remained a secret to Jesus himself. We read not a single statement of Jesus Christ where he claims to be the Word. Therefore, neither had any part to play in the shaping and making of Creation. Again it was God the Father alone, we are told, who fashioned man from dust with his own hands. I have never read anywhere in any Christian writings that the two hands belonged to Jesus and the Holy Ghost. Hence God created everything without the slightest help from, or participation of, Jesus or the Holy Ghost. Were they passive observers generally in agreement with what God was doing or did they actually participate? If the latter is more acceptable to Christian theologists then immediately the question arises whether each of them was individually capable of creating, without the help of the others, or were they only capable in their totality. And again, if all three were essentially needed to pool their functions together to create, then was their share equal, or did one have a larger share of the labour put into the process of creation? Were they three persons with different powers both in intensity and kind or did they share them equally? One has to admit that whichever of the two options is taken, each of the components of Trinity becomes incompetent to create anything in itself.
If the same argument is extended to other Divine functions, the same question will continue to plague the Christian theologists. At the end of the day Christianity will have to admit that it does not believe in one simple entity of God, with three aspects and expressions of one single central power and majesty. But rather that they believe in three complementary components of Godhead that are three segments of the body of God. The question of being equal or unequal would then be assigned a relatively minor status.
Take, for instance, the attribute of Justice and Forgiveness. The Son appears to be more compassionate whereas God the Father appears to be less Just than the Holy Ghost, who took no part in the injustice on the part of God the Father.
The second possibility we mentioned was that Jesus and the Holy Ghost played an inert role in the processes of creation and the government of the laws of nature. That being so, it raises many other questions. First of all what is the assigned role of the two partners of God in the discharging of their Divine functions? If they are passive silent observers, like sleeping partners, then they are automatically relegated to a secondary, inferior position where they coexist with God but without, in practicality, sharing His powers. This concept of God having two non-functional appendices is very bizarre to say the least. I wonder whose conscience it can satisfy.”
Now I present a table from a website listing all the references on the issue of God and His creation, from the Bible.
Countless references can be cited from the New Testament, wherein Jesus will acknowledge that he did not create and he is not the Creator, here is an example:
When Jesus had finished saying these things, he left Galilee and went into the region of Judea to the other side of the Jordan. Large crowds followed him, and he healed them there.
Some Pharisees came to him to test him. They asked, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife for any and every reason?”
“Haven’t you read,” he replied, “that at the beginning the Creator ‘made them male and female,’ and said, ‘For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh’? So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate.” (Matthew 19:1-6)
Who is the Creator of All Creation?
There is no clear answer from the Bible, it is all jumbled up between the God the Father and Jesus:
In Mark chapter 10 Jesus gives the credit of creation of mankind to God the Father and does not claim it for himself:
Jesus then left that place and went into the region of Judea and across the Jordan. Again crowds of people came to him, and as was his custom, he taught them.
Some Pharisees came and tested him by asking, “Is it lawful for a man to divorce his wife?”
“What did Moses command you?” he replied.
They said, “Moses permitted a man to write a certificate of divorce and send her away.”
“It was because your hearts were hard that Moses wrote you this law,” Jesus replied. “But at the beginning of creation God made them male and female. For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh. So they are no longer two, but one flesh. Therefore what God has joined together, let no one separate.” (Mark 10:1-9)
For in those days shall be affliction, such as was not from the beginning of the creation which God created unto this time, neither shall be. (Mark 13:19)
In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was in the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not any thing made that was made. (John 1:1-3)
And when they heard that, they lifted up their voice to God with one accord, and said, Lord, thou art God, which hast made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all that in them is: (Acts 4:24)
And saying, Sirs, why do ye these things? We also are men of like passions with you, and preach unto you that ye should turn from these vanities unto the living God, which made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and all things that are therein: (Acts 14:15)
God that made the world and all things therein, seeing that he is Lord of heaven and earth, dwelleth not in temples made with hands; (Acts 17:24)
And to make all men see what is the fellowship of the mystery, which from the beginning of the world hath been hid in God, who created all things by Jesus Christ: (Ephesians 3:9)
For by him were all things created, that are in heaven, and that are in earth, visible and invisible, whether they be thrones, or dominions, or principalities, or powers: all things were created by him, and for him: And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.(Colossians 1:16-17)
Through faith we understand that the worlds were framed by the word of God, so that things which are seen were not made of things which do appear. (Hebrews 11:3)
Thou art worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honour and power: for thou hast created all things, and for thy pleasure they are and were created. (Revelation 4:11)
And sware by him that liveth for ever and ever, who created heaven, and the things that therein are, and the earth, and the things that therein are, and the sea, and the things which are therein, that there should be time no longer: (Revelation 10:6)
Saying with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory to him; for the hour of his judgment is come: and worship him that made heaven, and earth, and the sea, and the fountains of waters. (Revelation 14:7)
The Holy Quran presents a clear understanding of One Transcendent God. The crown verse of the Holy Quran states:
“Allah — there is no God but He, the Living, the Self-Subsisting and All-Sustaining. Slumber seizes Him not, nor sleep. To Him belongs whatsoever is in the heavens and whatsoever is in the earth. Who is he that will intercede with Him except by His permission? He knows what is before them and what is behind them; and they encompass nothing of His knowledge except what He pleases. His knowledge extends over the heavens and the earth; and the care of them burdens Him not; and He is the High, the Great.” (Al Quran 2:256)
The Messiah of this era and the lead follower of the Holy Prophet Muhammad, Hadhrat Mirza Ghulam Ahmad writes:
“God is the light of the heavens and the earth. Every light that is visible on the heights or in the valleys, whether in souls or in bodies, whether personal or impersonal, whether apparent or hidden, whether in the mind or outside it, is a bounty of His grace. This is an indication that the general grace of the Lord of the worlds envelops everything and nothing is deprived of that grace. He is the source of all grace, the ultimate cause of all lights and the fountainhead of all mercies. His Being is the support of the universe and is the refuge of all high and low. He it is Who brought everything out of the darkness of nothingness and bestowed upon everything the mantle of being. No other being than Him is in himself present and eternal or is not the recipient of His grace. Earth and heaven, man and animals, stones and trees, souls and bodies, have all come into existence by His grace.”
Christianity has banked on the force of propaganda and naivety of the masses rather than reason throughout its history and continues to do that. Even the enlightened 21st century scientists, coming from Christian background, who believe in God do not ponder over the simple realities brought forth in this knol. If we examine the Christian dogma, countless contradictions and even humorous implications keep emerging.
According to the Trinitarian Christian understanding, Jesus has two natures, one human and the second divine. The human was born in Middle East in 4 BC and somehow merged with the divine nature to give us one complete whole, the Jesus of Nazareth, who was put on cross in Jerusalem. So, the human and divine hybrid did not exist before 4 BC and therefore did not create anything before 4 BC, which would rule out most of the creative work in the universe. In other words, Jesus did not create anything, he is not co-equal or co-eternal to God the Father and hence he is not God, he is a Jewish prophet of God!
The only Transcendent God that the humans can reasonably conceptualize, in our age of science and information, is of the God of the Jewish prophets, Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, David, Solomon, Jeremiah, and John the Baptist and Islam. Let me conclude with a Quranic verse that links God’s unity with the fact that everything in our universe glorifies Him, the One God of Genesis, the Creator of everything around us, God the Father, called Allah in the Islamic terminology:
O People of the Book, exceed not the limits in your religion, and say not of Allah anything but the truth. Indeed, the Messiah, Jesus, son of Mary, was only a Messenger of Allah and a fulfilment of His word which He sent down to Mary, and a mercy from Him. So believe in Allah and His Messengers, and say not ‘They are three.’ Desist, it will be better for you. Indeed, Allah is the only One God. Far is it from His Holiness that He should have a son. To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and whatever is in the earth. And sufficient is Allah as a Guardian. (Al Quran 4:172)