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  1. Spiros Kakos

    Very interesting — This is a very interesting Knol. Indeed the universe looks like “designed for life” and explaining that on the basis of “it just happened to be like that” does not sound much scientific… Keep up the good work!PS. I have added this Knol to the Collection for the Theory of Evolution at http://knol.google.com/k/theory-of-evolution-a-collection-of-knols#.

    • Zia Shah

      Thank you so much Spiros. In your ‘knols’ I will post only such information as is common between Christians and Muslims. That will be the best way for us to collaborate.With best regards!

  2. Zia Shah

    Views of Scientists on the Existence of God

    Prof. Saleh Muhammad Allahdin – India The Author was a Professor of Astronomy. He received his PhD in Astronomy and Astrophysics from the University of Chicago in 1963. He was a faculty member of the Department of Astronomy, Osmania University, Hyderabad, India from 1964 to 1991.The subject of the existence of Almighty God is of fundamental importance as the central point of a religion is Almighty God. Hence this is a topic which can foster inter-religious harmony and can bring together followers of various religions with the common aim of promoting belief in Almighty God which is the ultimate aim of our life. The Holy Qur’an says:Say, ‘O People of the Book! Come to a word equal between us and you – that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partner with Him, and that some of us take not others for Lords beside Allah… (Ch.3:V.65)The causes of crime and unrest in the world can be traced to the absence of firm faith in God in the hearts of the people. Thus this subject is also closely related to the establishment of peace in the world. Indeed, as the Holy Qur’an says:…God…is the Source of Peace and the Bestower of Security… (Ch.59:V.24)For the rest of the story go to:http://www.reviewofreligions.org/1493/views-of-scientists-on-the-existence-of-god/

  3. Zia Shah

    Experience of the saintly people
    Scientific evidence for a possible creator is only one aspect of knowing God. A more enlightening way is the testimony of the genuine saints.Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad described an experience of his father, Khalifatul Masih II, in the Friday Sermon of May 20, 1983. He narrates the incident:“Once Khalifatul Masih II (of Ahmadiyya Muslim Community) was conducting a Question/Answer session in the Mubarik Mosque in Qadian, India. An atheist came to the session and as a question started giving arguments against the existence of God. He kept on presenting his arguments and Khalifatul Masih II kept smiling. When he finished his presentation Khalifatul Masih said, ‘I can only laugh at your logic and argumentation. You are giving me arguments that God does not exist, whereas, He talks to me, treats me with kindness and benevolence and He has repeatedly revealed Himself to me. You are an outsider and have brought me the message that such a Being does not exist. What a silly line of argument it is!’”http://alislam.org/archives/

  4. Zia Shah

    Ice asteroids likely source of Earth’s water: study
    PARIS (AFP) – Astronomers have for the first time detected ice and organic compounds on an asteroid, a pair of landmark studies released on Wednesday says.The discovery bolsters the theory that comets and asteroids crashing into Earth nearly four billion years ago seeded the planet with water and carbon-based molecules, both essential ingredients for life.Working separately, two teams of scientists using NASA’s Infrared Telescope Facility in Hawaii found that the 24 Themis, which orbits the Sun between Mars and Jupiter, is literally covered in a thin coating of frost.It had long been suspected that the massive space rocks that bombarded our planet after the formation of the solar system contained frozen water, but the two studies, published in Nature, provide the first hard evidence.Still, a mystery remained: How could frozen water persist over billions of years on an asteroid hot enough to vapourise surface ice?Only if that layer of frost were continually replenished by the slow release of water vapour released from ice in the asteroid’s interior, the researchers reasoned.In other words, 24 Themis — some 200 kilometres (125 miles) in diameter — almost certainly contains far more water locked in its minerals than anyone suspected.The findings also blur the distinction between rocky asteroids, once thought to be too close to the Sun to contain water, and comets, composed of much the same stuff along with ice and dust….http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20100428/sc_afp/spaceasteroidsearthwater_20100428183222

  5. Zia Shah

    From carbon to the rest of the periodic table — simplicity yet the organization is mind boggling — Eulogizing the inherent organization of the periodic table, Thomas David Parks writes in an article, titled, Plain water will tell you the story: “Probably to a chemist the periodic arrangement of the elements is the most arresting. One of the first things a freshman chemistry student learns is the periodicity or order found in the elements. This order has been variously described and classified but we usually credit Mendeleev, the Russian chemist of the last century, with our periodic table. Not only did this arrangement provide a means of studying the known elements and their compounds but it also gave impetus to the search for those elements which had not yet been discovered. Their very existence was postulated by vacant spaces in the orderly arrangement of the table.Chemists today still use the periodic table to aid them in their study of reactions and to predict properties of unknown or new compounds. That they have been successful is sound testimony to the fact that beautiful order exists in the inorganic world.”For the rest of the stroy about periodic table and water go to:http://www.alislam.org/egazette/articles/Plain-water-200908.pdf

  6. Zia Shah

    Evolution and Intelligent Design – The way to an agreement — Spiros Kakos writes:”The purpose of this article is to show how the Theory of Evolution (as a valid scientific theory) and Theism (as a valid philosophical theory) can coexist in the BioLogos schema proposed by Collins. I will show that the theory of Wallace-Darwin and “theism” may both be serious and logical explanations of our existence, each one adhering to different part of knowledge space.”He has a good collection of facts in his Knol. Let me just add that 1400 years before Francis Collins was a man named Muhammad, who live in Makkah and then in Madinah in Arabia. He said that the All-Knowing God revealed to him the Quran, that has numerous verses that can bring about an agreement between the theory of evolution and theism. See some of my other knols especially one titled, the Indispensible God Hypothesis, as an illustration of that.Here is the link to Spiros Kakos’s Knol:http://knol.google.com/k/evolution-and-intelligent-design-the-way-to-an-agreement#

  7. Anonymous

    Problems with Darwin Evolution, Intelligent Design, From Frog to Prince — I found this very appealing and interesting video on this subject and wanted to share it with you:http://video.yahoo.com/watch/3051937/8708475I think this proves very well, that adding new informations to genome are neede to create more complex species which can’t come from random process/natural selection.

  8. Zia Shah

    Intelligent Design a branch of metaphysics or philosophy — First watch a Documentary: Intelligent Design on Trial.In this two-hour special, NOVA captures the turmoil that tore apart the community of Dover, Pennsylvania in one of the latest battles over teaching evolution in public schools. Featuring trial reenactments based on court transcripts and interviews with key participants, including expert scientists and Dover parents, teachers, and town officials, “Judgment Day: Intelligent Design on Trial” follows the celebrated federal case of Kitzmiller v. Dover School District. This program was coproduced with Paul G. Allen’s Vulcan Productions, Inc.In 2004, the Dover school board ordered science teachers to read a statement to high school biology students suggesting that there is an alternative to Darwin’s theory of evolution called intelligent design–the idea that life is too complex to have evolved naturally and therefore must have been designed by an intelligent agent. The teachers refused to comply. Later, parents opposed to intelligent design filed a lawsuit in federal court accusing the school board of violating the constitutional separation of church and state.”There was a blow-up like you couldn’t believe,” Bill Buckingham, head of the school board’s curriculum committee, tells NOVA. Buckingham helped formulate the intelligent-design policy when he noticed that the biology textbook chosen by teachers for classroom use was, in his words, “laced with Darwinism.”NOVA presents the arguments by lawyers and expert witnesses in riveting detail and provides an eye-opening crash course on questions such as “What is evolution?” and “Is intelligent design a scientifically valid alternative?” Kitzmiller v. Dover was the first legal test of intelligent design as a scientific theory, with the plaintiffs arguing that it is a thinly veiled form of creationism, the view that a literal interpretation of the Bible accounts for all observed facts about nature.During the trial, lawyers for the plaintiffs showed that evolution is one of the best-tested and most thoroughly confirmed theories in the history of science, and that its unresolved questions are normal research problems–the type that arise in any flourishing scientific field.http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/evolution/intelligent-design-trial.htmlIn my opinion, Intelligent Design should be considered as a branch of metaphysics or philosophy and not science. By asking for a place where it genuinely belongs, controversies as outlined in this documentary do not arise:http://www.muslimsunrise.com/dmddocuments/2009_fall.pdf#page=17If we do this we will be in keeping with Sir Charles Darwin’s advice:Let no man out of weak conceit of sobriety, or an ill-applied moderation, think or maintain, that a man can search too far or be too well-studied in the book of God’s word, or in the book of God’s works; divinity or philosophy; but rather let men endeavor an endless progress or proficiency in both.

  9. Zia Shah

    Is God the Father the Creator, the Trinity as a whole or are there three Creators? — The issue is conveniently left elusive in the Christian literature, as they bank on the Jewish or the Muslim understanding of God in their daily lives and academic pursuits. However, the underlying conflict reveals itself now and then. According to Encyclopedia Britannica:”The Holy Spirit is one of the most elusive and difficult themes in Christian theology, because it refers to one of the three persons in the Godhead but does not evoke concrete images the way ‘Father’ or ‘Creator’ and ‘Son’ or ‘Redeemer’ do. A characteristic view of the Holy Spirit is sketched in The Gospel According to John: the outpouring of the Holy Spirit takes place only after the Ascension of Christ; it is the beginning of a new time of salvation, in which the Holy Spirit is sent as the Paraclete (Counsellor) to the church remaining behind in this world. The phenomena described in John, which are celebrated in the church at Pentecost, are understood as the fulfillment of this promise. With this event (Pentecost), the church entered into the period of the Holy Spirit.””Christianity.” Encyclopædia Britannica. 2010. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. 20 Aug. 2010 .God the Father is ‘the Creator,’ in the Christian tradition, Jesus is ‘the Redeemer’ and the Holy Ghost, serves its multiple roles. As one examines this issue, one should remember, within mainstream Christianity the Holy Spirit is one of the three persons of the Trinity, as such he is personal and also fully God, co-equal and co-eternal with God the Father and Son of God, and the Son is of the same substance as God the Father.Nicene Creed is followed by all the Trinitarian Churches, giving rise to very interesting inferences on so many different levels. Here, what is relevant to us is that Jesus Christ is, allegedly, the physical manifestation of Logos (or the divine word) and consequently possesses all of the inherent, ineffable perfections which religion and philosophy attribute to the Supreme Being. So, did he create anything in the Universe? Wikipedia states under the heading Homoousian, and this information is common place in Christian literature if one makes a little effort:”Origen seems to have been the first ecclesiastical writer to use the word ‘homoousios’ in a Trinitarian context, but it is evident in his writings that he considered the Son’s divinity lesser than the Father’s, since he even calls the Son a creature. It was by Athanasius and the Nicene Synod that the Son was taken to have exactly the same nature or essence with the Father, and at the Nicene Creed the Son was declared to be as immutable as his Father is. Some theologians preferred the use of the term ὁμοιούσιος (homoioúsios, from ὅμοιος, hómoios, ‘similar’ rather than ὁμός, homós, ‘same’) in order to emphasize distinctions among the three persons in the Godhead, but the term homoousios became a consistent mark of Nicene orthodoxy in both East and West. According to this doctrine, Jesus Christ is the physical manifestation of Logos (or the divine word) and consequently possesses all of the inherent, ineffable perfections which religion and philosophy attribute to the Supreme Being. Three distinct and infinite minds or substances, three co-equal and eternal realities, participate in (or share) the same, single Divine Essence (ousia).”So, did Jesus and the Holy Ghost create anything? In evading this question, the Christian theologians, philosophers and scientists are yielding to the Jewish and the Islamic understanding of the Transcendent God, and borrowing their concepts without any acknowledgement. Imitation is the best form of flattery! If God the Father is the only Creator then how is Jesus co-equal and possessing of all of the inherent, ineffable perfections and of the same substance? One cannot have one’s cake and eat it too!

  10. Zia Shah

    The biophilic universe — Thank you so much Spiros Kakos for the kind words in the comment below. Antony Flew who used to be formally a well known champion of atheism, has presented another interesting metaphor to look at the biophilic universe that I did not include in my article. He writes:“Imagine entering a hotel room on your next vacation. The CD player on the bedside table is softly playing a track from your favorite recording. The framed print over the bed is identical to the image that hangs over the fireplace at home. The room is scented with your favorite fragrance. You shake your head in amazement and drop your bags on the floor.You’re suddenly very alert. You step over to the minibar, open the door, and stare in wonder at the contents. Your favorite beverages. Your favorite cookies and candy. Even the brand of bottled water you prefer.You turn from the mini bar, then, and gaze around the room. You notice the book on the desk: it’s the latest volume by your favorite author. You glance into the bathroom, where personal care and grooming products are lined up on the counter, each one as if it was chosen specifically for you. You switch on the television; it is tuned to your favorite channel.Chances are, with each new discovery about your hospitable new environment, you would be less inclined to think it was all a mere coincidence, right? You might wonder how the hotel managers acquired such detailed information about you. You might marvel at their meticulous preparation. You might even double-check what all this is I going to cost you. But you would certainly be inclined to believe that someone knew you were coming.Let’s take the most basic laws of physics. It has been calculated that if the value of even one of the fundamental constants-the speed of light or the mass of an electron, for instance-had been to the slightest degree different, then no planet capable of permitting the evolution of human life could have formed.This fine tuning has been explained in two ways. Some scientists have said the fine tuning is evidence for divine design; many others have speculated that our universe is one of multiple others-a ‘multiverse’-with the difference that ours happened to have the right conditions for life. Virtually no major scientist today claims that the fine tuning was purely a result of chance factors at work in a single universe.That vacation scenario is a clumsy, limited parallel to the so-called fine-tuning argument. The recent popularity of this argument has highlighted a new dimension of the laws of nature. ‘The more I examine the universe and study the details of its architecture,’ writes physicist Freeman Dyson, ‘the more evidence I find that the universe in some sense knew we were coming.’ In other words, the laws of nature seem to have been crafted so as to move the universe toward the emergence and sustenance of life. This is the anthropic principle, popularized by such thinkers as Martin Rees, John Barrow, and John Leslie.In his book Infinite Minds, John Leslie, a leading anthropic theorist, argues that fine tuning is best explained by divine design. He says that he is impressed not by particular arguments for instances of fine tuning, but by the fact that these arguments exist in such profusion. ‘If, then, there were aspects of nature’s workings that appeared very fortunate and also entirely fundamental,’ he writes, ‘then these might well be seen as evidence specially favoring belief in God.'”(Antony Flew. There Is a God: How the World’s Most Notorious Atheist Changed His Mind. Harper One, 2007. Page 113-115.)

  11. Zia Shah

    Is God the Father the Creator, the Trinity as a whole or are there three Creators? Part II — Lest, the nay sayers may think that they can easily resolve the issues that I present in this comment, let me add some other issues here. At one time the Holy Spirit was also the official ‘giver of life.’Filioque, Latin for “and (from) the Son”, was added in Western Christianity to the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, commonly referred to as the Nicene Creed. This insertion emphasizes that Jesus, the Son, is of equal divinity with God, the Father, while the absence of it in Eastern Christianity concentrates on the Father.Et in Spiritum Sanctum, Dominum, et vivificantem: qui ex Patre Filioque procedit.(And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, and giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son.)The word was first added at the Third Council of Toledo (589) and spread throughout Western Christianity. It has been an ongoing source of conflict between the East and West, contributing to the East-West Schism of 1054 and proving an obstacle to attempts to reunify the two sides.Even the Holy Spirit is ‘giver of life,’ it proceeds from both God the Father and Jesus Christ, yet we do not find any evidence of Jesus having created anything in the Nature, Jesus did not create anything in the universe! I rest my case.For further details go to:http://knol.google.com/k/zia-shah/is-god-the-father-the-creator-the/1qhnnhcumbuyp/301#Lest, the nay sayers may think that they can easily resolve the issues that I present in this comment, let me add some other issues here. At one time the Holy Spirit was also the official ‘giver of life.’Filioque, Latin for ‘and (from) the Son,’ was added in Western Christianity to the Nicene-Constantinopolitan Creed, commonly referred to as the Nicene Creed. This insertion emphasizes that Jesus, the Son, is of equal divinity with God, the Father, while the absence of it in Eastern Christianity concentrates on the Father.Et in Spiritum Sanctum, Dominum, et vivificantem: qui ex Patre Filioque procedit.(And in the Holy Spirit, the Lord, and giver of life, who proceeds from the Father and the Son.)The word ‘Filioque’ was first added at the Third Council of Toledo (589) and spread throughout Western Christianity. It has been an ongoing source of conflict between the East and West, contributing to the East-West Schism of 1054 and proving an obstacle to attempts to reunify the two sides.Even the Holy Spirit is ‘giver of life,’ it proceeds from both God the Father and Jesus Christ, yet we do not find any evidence of Jesus having created anything in the Nature, Jesus or the Holy Spirit did not create anything in the universe! I rest my case, against the irrationality of Trinity.For further details go to:http://knol.google.com/k/zia-shah/is-god-the-father-the-creator-the/1qhnnhcumbuyp/301#

  12. Zia Shah

    Fire flies an epiphany for Prof. Richard Dawkins — Einstein once remarked, “Science without religion is lame, religion without science is blind.” Human wisdom cannot flourish without proper understanding of both and their interaction.When humans produce electricity from natural gas it is only 45% efficient and 55% of energy is wasted in heat. An electric bulb converts only 10% of energy into light and 90% goes to waste. But the so called accidental creations of nature do far better than the cumulative human efforts of several centuries. According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, “Firefly light is produced under nervous control within special cells. … Firefly light is a cold light with approximately 100 percent of the energy given off as light and only a minute amount of heat. Only light in the visible spectrum is emitted.” The contrast between what nature has to demonstrate and what mankind has achieved after centuries of research is amazing! Is it fair to attribute the glory of the nature to blind chance alone?”firefly.” Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica Online. Encyclopædia Britannica, 2011. Web. 21 Feb. 2011. . Read more facts about fireflies:http://iris.biosci.ohio-state.edu/projects/FFiles/frfact.html

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