The last supper: A fiction opposing the account of Garden of Gethsemane

· Christianity
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Jesus’ heartfelt prayers in the garden of Gethsemane, a garden at the foot of the Mount of Olives in Jerusalem, most famous as the place where, according to Biblical texts, Jesus and his disciples are said to have prayed the night before Jesus was put on cross, tell us that he did not want to die on the cross.

If we take the account of the Garden to be true and avoid any convoluted interpretation of his prayers to God Almighty to rescue him from ignominious death on the cross, then the account of last supper becomes nothing more than a fiction created at a later time.

According to Luke 22:43–44, Jesus’ anguish in Gethsemane was so deep that “his sweat was as it were great drops of blood falling down to the ground.”


 The Garden of Gethsemane — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The garden is for real and the last supper depiction below is only a painting and everyone is lined up, on one side of the table, as if posing for  Leonardo da Vinci!

The last supper painted by Leonardo da Vinci

 

Garden of Gethsemane, 1914 — From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
There are more than one places that are claimed to be the Garden of Gethsemane, but that should not take away from the Luke’s account:
Jesus went out as usual to the Mount of Olives, and his disciples followed him. On reaching the place, he said to them, “Pray that you will not fall into temptation.” He withdrew about a stone’s throw beyond them, knelt down and prayed, “Father, if you are willing, take this cup from me; yet not my will, but yours be done.” An angel from heaven appeared to him and strengthened him. And being in anguish, he prayed more earnestly, and his sweat was like drops of blood falling to the ground.  When he rose from prayer and went back to the disciples, he found them asleep, exhausted from sorrow. “Why are you sleeping?” he asked them. “Get up and pray so that you will not fall into temptation.”  (Luke 22:39-42)
This issue of historicity of the last supper is covered very well by John Dominic Crossan in his book, the Historical Jesus: The Life of a Mediterranean Jewish Peasant:
Did Jesus, before his death, institute a new Passover meal in which his martyrdom with its separation of body and blood was symbolized by the meal with its separation of bread and wine? On the one hand, Paul certainly mows about such an institution in 1 Corinthians 11:23-25. But, on the other, John 13-17 has a last supper with Jesus and his dis­ciples that is neither the Passover meal nor any type of institution­alized symbolic commemoration of his death. Neither the Gospel of Thomas nor the Q Gospel exhibits any awareness of a Last Supper tradition. Finally, the case of Didache 9-10 is especially significant. It describes a communal and ritual eating together, from the sec­ond half of the first century, with absolutely no hint of Passover meal, Last Supper, or passion symbolism built into its origins or development. I cannot believe that those specific Christians mew all about those elements and yet studiously avoided them. I can only presume that those elements were not there for everyone from the beginning–that is, from solemn, formal, and final insti­tution by Jesus himself. “What Jesus created and left behind was the tradition of open commensality seen so often earlier, and what happened was that, after his death, certain Christian groups cre­ated the Last Supper as a ritual that combined that commensality from his life with a commemoration of his death. It spread to other Christian groups only slowly. It cannot be used as a historical event to explain anything about Jesus’ own death.[1]

References

  1. John Dominic Crossan. The Historical Jesus: The Life of a Mediterranean Jewish Peasant. Harper Collins, 1995. Pages 146-147.

2 Comments

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  1. Zia H. Shah

    Last Supper was a day earlier, scientist claims
    LONDON (AFP) – Christians have long celebrated Jesus Christ’s Last Supper on Maundy Thursday but new research released Monday claims to show it took place on the Wednesday before the crucifixion.

    Professor Colin Humphreys, a scientist at the University of Cambridge, believes it is all due to a calendar mix-up — and asserts his findings strengthen the case for finally introducing a fixed date for Easter.

    Humphreys uses a combination of biblical, historical and astronomical research to try to pinpoint the precise nature and timing of Jesus’s final meal with his disciples before his death.

    Researchers have long been puzzled by an apparent inconsistency in the Bible.

    While Matthew, Mark and Luke all say the Last Supper coincided with the start of the Jewish festival of Passover, John claims it took place before Passover.

    Humphreys has concluded in a new book, “The Mystery Of The Last Supper”, that Jesus — along with Matthew, Mark and Luke — may have been using a different calendar to John.

    “Whatever you think about the Bible, the fact is that Jewish people would never mistake the Passover meal for another meal, so for the Gospels to contradict themselves in this regard is really hard to understand,” Humphreys said.

    “Many biblical scholars say that, for this reason, you can’t trust the Gospels at all. But if we use science and the Gospels hand in hand, we can actually prove that there was no contradiction.”

    In Humphreys’ theory, Jesus went by an old-fashioned Jewish calendar rather than the official lunar calendar which was in widespread use at the time of his death and is still in use today.

    http://news.yahoo.com/s/afp/20110418/wl_uk_afp/britainreligionchristianseaster

    If we go with the account of the Garden of Gethsemane, then all discussion of the last supper is fiction upon fiction!

  2. Rafiq A. Tschannen

    Amazing also that they all sat on one side of the table, so that Leonarda da Vinci could paint them all from the front…

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