Muhammad – The Greatest of the sons of Adam

· Agnosticism

“If greatness of purpose, smallness of means, and outstanding results are the three criteria of human genius, who could dare to compare any great man in modern history with Muhammad?” Alphonse de Lamartine

For evidence to these claims please see this publication and its links:


The 100: A Ranking Of The Most Influential Persons In History by Michael H. Hart

Also see my collection of knols about the Holy Prophet Muhammad: #

The teaching company course by Prof. Mark Muesse of Harvard University titled

Confucius, Buddha, Jesus and Muhammadstarts with the description of this book,The 100: A Ranking Of The Most Influential Persons In History:

In 1978, an astrophysicist named Michael H. Hart published a book in which he ranked the 100 people who most influenced world history. Hart’s book, which was simply entitled The 100, argued that the five most influential persons who ever lived were the Prophet Muhammad, Sir Isaac Newton, Jesus of Nazareth, the Buddha, and Confucius, in that order. The book’s appearance caused quite a stir, especially among folks who thought their particular hero was not given a high enough rating on the list or failed to make the list at all. Much ofthe controversy surrounding the book was due to the failure of many people to understand the author’s intention. Hart was not trying to evaluate and rank the best persons who ever lived. He was merely making judgments about the influence of prominent individuals on human history. Certainly he had a point. While we might quibble about the order, any list of, say, a dozen persons who have most affected the course of history would surely include Muhammad, Jesus, the Buddha, and Confucius. While the influence of these four can hardly be doubted, what brings me to this study of Confucius, the Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad is not simply an historian’s interest in their impact on humanity’s development, although that fact certainly justifies a comparative study. My fascination with this spiritual quartet derives from another interest, the same concern that led me to the study of religion and philosophy in the first place: the desire to know how to live life well. After nearly 30 years of studying the world’s religious and philosophical traditions, I am convinced that these four figures represent some of our finest teachers of the art of living. When I speak of the art of living and living life well, I mean living nobly and deliberately, with high-mindedness, virtue, and discipline. Among the many individuals I have studied, no one has impressed me more as exemplars of the noble life than Confucius, the Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad. There are others whom I might rank with these four, but no one who excels them. By their lives, they have inspired me-and obviously countless others-with their dedication to living deeply and thoughtfully and with the courage they mustered in the face of adversity. [1]

The description of the course is:

Confucius, Buddha, Jesus, Muhammad—four extraordinary sages who influenced world civilization more deeply than any other human beings in history.

As just one measure of their importance, current rankings of the most influential people in history consistently put Confucius, the Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad at or near the top of the list. Four centuries after the rise of the scientific worldview, their influence in human affairs continues to be fundamental, underscoring issues ranging from questions of ethics and justice to religious and political conflicts to other issues that dominate today’s headlines.

In the 21st century, much of humanity still looks to the lives, teachings, and actions of these four sages for guidance on how to live, for their conceptions of morality, and for understanding the most crucial human values.

Never merely historical figures, as models of human living they remain dynamically alive for countless millions of people around the world, exemplifying the moral and spiritual precepts our civilizations are built on. Taken together, their influence extends over most of the human population, from Asia to the Middle East and from Europe to the New World.

No understanding of human life, individual or collective, could be complete without factoring in the role and contribution of these history-shaping teachers.

Now, in Confucius, Buddha, Jesus, and Muhammad, award-winning Professor Mark W. Muesse of Rhodes College takes you deep into the life stories and legacies of these four iconic figures, revealing the core, original teachings, and thoughts of each, and shedding light on the historical processes that underlie their phenomenal, enduring impact.


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  1. Anonymous

    ou are right about Islam being antichrist. But you are wrong about the roman catholic church not being antichrist.When you carefully look at the Scriptures and compare it with history, then you will clearly see, that BOTH are antichrist.Here is just one example where you have a very hard time explaining what the verse says, when you refuse to look at the roman catholic church as being also antichrist together with Islam:Daniel 2:40″And the fourth kingdom shall be strong as iron: forasmuch as iron breaketh in pieces and subdueth all things: and as iron that breaketh all these, shall it break in pieces and bruise.”Even Walid Shoebat acknowledges the kingdom being strong as iron refers to the pagan roman empire. Now watch this:Daniel 2:41″And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters’ clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay.”Okay the iron is the pagan roman empire which mixes with the potter’s clay. The potter’s clay then becomes miry clay through this mixing.So according to the Scriptures: What is potter’s clay?Jeremiah 18:6″O house of Israel, cannot I do with you as this potter? saith YHWH. Behold, as the clay is in the potter’s hand, so are ye in mine hand, O house of Israel.”Isaiah 29:16″Surely your turning of things upside down shall be esteemed as the potter’ clay: for shall the work say of him that made it, He made me not? or shall the thing framed say of him that framed it, He had no understanding?”Isaiah 64:8″But now, O YHWH, thou art our father; we are the clay, and thou our potter; and we all are the work of thy hand.”I think the Scriptures make it abundantly clear, that Yahuwah is the potter and the clay is His people. So what does Daniel 2:41 describe?Daniel 2:41″And whereas thou sawest the feet and toes, part of potters’ clay, and part of iron, the kingdom shall be divided; but there shall be in it of the strength of the iron, forasmuch as thou sawest the iron mixed with miry clay.”This verse (also) describes very clearly the mixing of the true believers (potter’s clay) with the pagan roman empire (iron). The believers (potter’s clay) defile themselves in doing so (the clay gets miry). The potter (Yahuwah) can then no longer work with the miry clay. The miry clay is no longer potter’s clay.This same event is also what Paul describes here:2Thessalonians 2:3″Let no man deceive you by any means: for that day shall not come, except there come a falling away first, and that man of sin be revealed, the son of perdition;”Acts 20:30″Also of your own selves shall men arise, speaking perverse things, to draw away disciples after them.”Some of the true believers would fall away and rise from the true believers, speaking perverse things and draw disciples after them. This same falling away Daniel descibes with the potter’s clay mixing with the iron (pagan roman empire).Please watch these two videos by Brad Scott. He does show there very clearly, that you should NOT say the antichrist is only Islam (or only the RCC), but also gives evidence for the 666 refering to…amp;prg=33&…amp;prg=34&q=LowI certainly do not agree with everything Brad Scott teaches, but I think he is one of the better teachers out there.I think this picture shows the whole truth very well (the pope kisses the Koran) Yahuwah bless you,Matthias

  2. Zia Shah

    Biographies of and tribute to the Holy Prophet Muhammad — A good place for the non-Muslims to start learning about the Holy Prophet Muhammad is a movie named the Message: Mohammed: Messenger of God (1976) Rated PG. by non-Muslim writers: biography of the Prophet Muhammad by Sir Zafrulla Khan:

  3. Zia Shah

    Christianity a journey from fact to fiction
    This is in response to the anonymous comment below:Do not think of Islam as an enemy, but as one of the Abrahamic faiths and let reason and rationality prevail. The humanity is prosperous and at peace when reason rather than rhetoric prevails.The religious problem has been obsession of some to make a man the Son and Divine. That has been the root cause of so many problems in the last 2000 years of religious history,In your comment above also you are taking that obsession of Christology for granted and not offering any proof for that. I have a collection of almost 100 articles about Christianity. Here let me just direct your attention to a short book, Christianity a journey from fact to fiction and works of Prof. Bart Ehrman, that are extensively covered in my articles:

    May the peace of God the Father be with you all!

  4. Zia Shah

    Biographies of and tribute to the Holy Prophet Muhammad

    A good place for the non-Muslims to start learning about the Holy Prophet Muhammad is a movie named the Message: Mohammed: Messenger of God (1976) Rated PG.
    Tribute by non-Muslim writers:

    Biography of the Prophet Muhammad by Sir Zafrulla Khan:

  5. Zia Shah

    What is the worth of a comment if the commentor does not believe it himself or herself? — What is the worth of a comment if the commentor does not believe it himself or herself, and chooses to stay anonymous?

    • Anonymous

      Not at all. Its called reality. Putting things into perspective.

  6. Zia Shah

    The character of the Holy Prophet Muhammad
    An Urdu Speech — Here I link a historical address delivered by Hadhrat Mirza Tahir Ahmad, Khalifatul Massih the fourth – the previous administrative and spiritual head of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. The topic of the Adress was Seerat-un-Nabi or the Life of the Prophet Muhammed, may peace be on him. This Address was delivered during the concluding session of Jalsa Salana United Kingdom 1996 in Urdu Language:

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